YouthYouth Empowerment

Education – Fundamental of Development

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The population of India is 1,393,123,813 at present. If we distribute the population according to age, we will have 26.63 percent of the population falling in the 0-14 years category, 67 percent in the 15 – 64 category, and over 6.38 percent in 65 years old or beyond. Upon inductive reasoning, we can assume that the majority of the population in India are youngsters or youths. India is one of the largest countries in the world hence the increase in population is constant. Though this ever-growing population took its threshold after a slump that occurred in the year 1970. A country with such youth density is a blessing and a curse because fulfilling even the basic needs is a challenge for many. Education, nutrition, security are some of the basic necessities which as an adult, is a responsibility to provide for the offspring. Economic and social development is very much necessary in the 21st century. And a well-educated society can produce such developments. For the year 2018, as per the Annual Status of Education Report, the number of students who did not enroll in schools due to the financial crisis came down to 2.8%. Though this is an appreciable improvement in India, the fact that we all forget to see is that this report accounts for the kids who fall into the age distribution group of 6-14 years old who will be in the grades 1 to 8. The Indian education system is a division of three major categories. From grade 1 to 4, we named it lower primary school, from grade 5 to 8 it is upper primary school. Clubbing these together, primary schools are for students where they are taught the syllabus from grade 1 to 8. We can say more than 95% of the students attend primary education, but the adolescents who attend secondary education (grade 9 – 12) fall to 60%. India has not made it to the top 34 education systems in the world. When we conduct a deep root analysis, several hindrances stop the Indian education system from becoming one of the top-notch systems of the world.

  • Outdated syllabus
  • Rote learning
  • No freedom for innovation
  • Job is the only goal

These are the few reasons that lower the standards of Indian Education. Some facts prove that Indian education is still in need of some progress. India holds only one Nobel Prize in the field of science, global innovation index we are at out of 130, globalization index rank 78th (slides over 16 spots in the last decade), Indian education sector rank is 92. But education is the most important growth for any kid in the society, and the government is aware of the backlog India holds on to, many schemes have been imposed by the central government, which holds accountability to every state.

  1. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan:

The provision of the right to education act is being implemented through Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA). The scheme, being launched in 2001, is one of the key factors for the universalization of elementary education. Universal access and retention to education, bridging of gender and social category gaps, and significant enhancement in the learning levels of children are the ultimate objectives of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.
  1. Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya:

The reason why many do not opt for education is less accessibility. Especially kids from the rural areas who do not have schools in their vicinity. To those students, the Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyala (KGBV) provides residential upper primary schools for girls from SC, ST, OBC, and Muslim communities. The KGBV’s provide 75 percent reservation to girls from SC, ST, OBC, and Muslim communities and 25 percent seats to girls who come from families that live under the poverty line. There are 3600 KGBV in the country today.
  1. Mid-Day Meal Scheme:

Nutrition and good food are a dream to many students who come from a family when the financial crisis is at its peak which was also a reason why many students were not able to continue their education. Hence in 1995, the government introduced the mid-day meal scheme (MDMS). Initially, this scheme was implemented only for primary education, later the upper primary children were also benefited from this scheme. It was universalized for primary education students in the year 2008. The scheme tentatively 7.18 crore primary and 3.36 crore upper primary school children. This scheme was a huge beneficiary to the students who struggled with getting proper food.
  1. Scheme of ICT

The scheme launched in December 2004 to provide opportunities to the secondary students was the scheme of the Information and communication technology school scheme to learn the computer process.
  1. Quality Improvement in Schools

  1. Strengthening of Teachers’ Training Institutions:

Teachers are an important source while building the future of the country. The initiative was imposed by the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education(RTE) Act, sought out the major challenge of providing quality teachers for the students in the States, and was given professional training.

Other than the schemes provided by the government in terms of enhancing education, there are several different schemes for youngsters in India.

  1. Financial Empowerment Scheme (PMJYD):

This is to render the citizens’ bank accounts which are considered the basic rights for financial empowerment. The scheme benefited the poor to grow and provide financial stability.
  1. Personal Accident Protection Scheme (PMSBY):

This scheme was a huge benefit to many poor people who are not covered under insurance as they cannot cover large insurance premiums. In case of unfortunate events, the family can handle financial suffering.
  1. Small And Micro Industries Development Scheme (PMMY):

Entrepreneurs make the global economy. But the initial stage of starting a business requires financial support. Due to this small-scale entrepreneurs are decreasing in India. But this scheme comes with various offers that can aid a small-scale entrepreneur with some financial support.
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